Shin splints refer to pain along the large bone in the front of your lower leg, the shin bone. Runners, dancers, and military recruits are all susceptible to shin splints.
Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, are common in athletes who have recently increased or changed their training routines. The increased activity puts a strain on the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue.
Causes and Risk Factors
Shin splints are caused by overuse of the shinbone and the connective tissues that connect your muscles to the bone.
You are more likely to get shin splints if:
- You’re a runner, especially if you’re just starting out.
- You abruptly increase the duration, frequency, or intensity of your workout.
- You run on uneven terrain like hills or hard surfaces like concrete.
- You’re undergoing military training.
- You have high arches or flat feet.